The kidney is a bean-shaped organ that lies within the abdomen. They serve many functions including filtering impurities from the blood to produce urine, regulation of plasma electrolytes and acid-base balance, regulation of blood pressure and production of some hormones. The kidneys receive their blood supply usually by a single renal artery, that branches from the abdominal aorta.
Stenoses of the arteries to the kidneys may be caused by the following:
Stenosis of the arteries to the kidneys may be asymptomatic, or may cause the following problems:
Stenoses of the arteries to the kidneys can be identified and monitored with a non-invasive duplex ultrasound. Other investigations that can be performed include CT angiography, MR angiography and catheter angiography.
Stenoses of the renal arteries can be treated by a number of means. These include:
After review of your history, physical examination and investigations we will formulate an appropriate treatment plan for you.